Kalju Patustaja (new_etymology) wrote in lengvizdika,
Kalju Patustaja
new_etymology
lengvizdika

It's LUNCH time!

LUNCH - scholars explain as follows: 'Recorded since 1580; presumably short for luncheon, but earliest found also as lunshin, lunching, equivalent to lunch +‎ -ing, with the suffix -ing later modified to simulate a French origin. Lunch is possibly a variant of lump (as hunch is for hump, etc.), or represents an alteration of nuncheon, from Middle English nonechenche (“light mid-day meal”) (see nuncheon) and altered by northern English dialect lunch (“hunk of bread or cheese”) (1590), which perhaps is from lump or from Spanish lonja (“a slice”, literally “loin”). https://www.etymonline.com/word/lunch 😜😏



Lunch, being the mid-day meal, much more likely comes from:

launags (Latv.) - afternoon snack;
lȭnag (Livonian) - south-east; lȭnagist (Livonian) - mid-day meal;
lõuna (Est.) - south and mid-day meal;
lounas (Fin.) - south-west and mid-day meal;
lõunad, lõunaz (Votic) - south and mid-day meal;
lounad, loune(d) (Izhorian) - south and mid-day meal;
lounat (Karelian) - evening and main meal;
lun (Komi) - day and daylight;
lun-aǯ́e (Udmurt) - during the day.
http://www.eki.ee/dict/ety/index.cgi?Q=l%C3%B5una&F=M&C06=et


The connection of 'day, daylight, clear sky' (like in Komi, Udmurt lun), and 'south' (like in Est. lõuna), and 'lunch' (like in Est. lõuna) may be similarly observed in:

УЖИН, JUZYNA

югъ [yug] (Old Georgian), йагъ [yag] (Megrelian), egun (Basque) – day;
ég (Hung.) - sky, heaven, to burn, to flame;
aeg, aja (Est.) - time, epoche, also day (see for other related Finnic words: http://www.eki.ee/dict/ety/index.cgi?Q=aeg&F=M&C06=et )
Compare also to the four Yugas (or ages) the world went through as part of a 'cycle of yugas' described in the Sanskrit scriptures, each followed by 'the end of the light' cataclisms.
<->
юг [yug] (Rus., Bulg.), jug (Albanian, Bosnian, Slovenian, Croatian), југ (Makedonian, Serbian), juh (Slovakian), jih (Szech) - south; южный [yuzhny] (Rus.) - southern;
egu, hego (Basque) - south;
<->
ужин [uzhin] (Rus.), у́жина, ю́жина [uzhina, juzhina] (Old Bulgarian), у̏жина [uzhina] (Old Serbian), júžinа (Old Slovenian), juzyna (Old Polish), Jause (Old German dialect) - dinner, initially midday meal; uzsonna (Hung.) - snack;

DINNER

[di] (Sumerian) - to shine; de, di, didal (Sumerian) - flame;
dies, diē, diī (Lat.), dia (Sp.) - day, daylight (Eng.);
день [den'] (Ukr., Rus.), дзень [dzen'] (Belorussian), dzień (Polish), 天 [Tiān] (Chinese) - day;
таң [tang] (Kazakh), dan (Azeri), tan (Turkish) - dawn (Eng.);
täna (Est.), tänään (Fin.), туннэ [tunne] (Udmurt) - today;
taevas (Est.), taivas (Fin.) - sky (see for other related Finnic words: http://www.eki.ee/dict/ety/index.cgi?Q=taevas&F=M&C06=et );
<->
deas (Scottish), theas (Irish) - south;
meridies (Lat.), mediodía (Sp.) – south (literally, midday);
пiвдень [pivden] (Ukr.), поўдзень [poudzen'] (Belorussian), południe (Polish) – south (literally, midday);
တောင် [taung] (Burma) - south;
<->
dine, dinner (Eng.) - to eat lunch, lunch;
полдник [poldnik] (Rus.), полуденок [poludenok] (Ukr.) - midday meal, literally.
Tags: Д, Л, У, ленгвиздика, фантастическая лингвистика, этимология, языкознание
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промо в сообществе lengvizdika 10 рублей сеанс. вырученные деньги пойдут на пиво аффтарам, если сможем купить пива за местные жетоны. или потратим на спасение китов - решение об инвестировании будет приниматься на совете кафедры. в любом случае, деньги будут пущены на ветер - это я вам…
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